Difference between revisions of "Design Topics"

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This page contains the master Table of Contents for all topics that might be considered for mine design studies, from scoping through to feasibility level. It is quite comprehensive but may not be in the correct order, may be too detailed, or might have omissions for a particular mine design study. Therefore, this does not represent a Table of Contents that would be appropriate for the mine design to be carried out as part of Mine 448.
+
This page contains the master Table of Contents for all topics that might be considered for mine design studies, from scoping through to feasibility level. It is quite comprehensive but may not be in the correct order, may be too detailed, or might have omissions for a particular mine design study. Therefore, this does not represent a Table of Contents that would be appropriate for any specific mine design project.
   
To help with overall navigation, a summary Table of Contents showing major Chapters is provided immediately below. Clicking on these topics will take you to the list below, which contains more detailed list of topics covered in each Chapter.
+
To help with overall navigation, a summary Table of Contents showing major topics is provided immediately below. Clicking on these topics will take you to the list below, which contains more detailed list of sub-topics.
   
Blue links represent topics for which pages have been created, red links represent still to be completed topics (more opportunities for potential authors).
+
Blue links represent topics for which pages have been created, red links and black text titles represent still to be completed topics (more opportunities for potential authors).
 
   
  +
To browse a list of pages in the wiki, organized by topic, use the navigation link to Completed articles, or click [[Design topics available|here]].
  +
 
=='''[[The general environment in which the mine exists]]'''==
 
=='''[[The general environment in which the mine exists]]'''==
   
Line 19: Line 21:
 
 
 
* The social commitments
 
* The social commitments
 
  +
** [[Social engagement]]
** Social permitting
 
 
** Environmental Permitting
 
** Environmental Permitting
 
** Legal environment
 
** Legal environment
Line 30: Line 31:
 
* Organizational Design
 
* Organizational Design
   
=='''[[The stages of mine design]]'''==
+
==The stages of mine design==
 
 
* Conceptual study
 
  +
* [[The stages of mine design]]
* Scoping study
+
* [[Pre-evaluation study]]
* Prefeasibility study
+
* [[Scoping study]]
* Feasibility study
+
* [[Pre-feasibility study]]
  +
* [[Feasibility study]]
 
* Detailed design
 
* Detailed design
 
* Project management principles
 
* Project management principles
   
=='''[[The information required for the mine design]]'''==
+
== '''[[The information required for the mine design]]''' ==
   
* The geological model
+
*[[The geological model]]
** General geology
+
**General geology
** Geological control of mineralization and metal content
+
**Geological control of mineralization and metal content
** Mineral domains
+
**Mineral domains
** Structural model
+
**Structural model
** Faults
+
**Faults
** Dykes
+
**Dykes
** Foliation and shearing
+
**Foliation and shearing
   
* Resource model
+
*Resource model
** Methods of estimation
+
**Methods of estimation
*** Disrtibution of metals in space
+
***Disrtibution of metals in space
*** Polygonal estimates
+
***Polygonal estimates
*** Geostatistical methods
+
***Geostatistical methods
*** Grade simulation models
+
***Grade simulation models
** Grade-tonnage curves
+
**Grade-tonnage curves
** Condemnation drilling
+
**Condemnation drilling
   
* [[Geotechnical evaluation | The geotechnical model]]
+
*[[Geotechnical evaluation|The geotechnical model]]
 
* Overview of geotechnical program
 
   
** Site investigation
 
  +
*Overview of geotechnical program
*** Rock mass characteristics: planning a field visit; intact strength determination; joint data collection; data analysis
 
*** Rock mass classification
 
*** Faults, dykes, large scale structural features
 
*** Rock stress conditions
 
*** Seismic activity
 
*** Hydrogeology & surface hydrology: field program; data collection and analysis; estimation of mine inflows
 
   
* Metallurgical model
 
  +
**Site investigation
** Ore mineralogy
 
  +
***Rock mass characteristics: planning a field visit; intact strength determination; joint data collection; data analysis
** Mineralogical domains
 
  +
***[[Rock mass classification]]
** Gangue mineralogy
 
  +
***Faults, dykes, large scale structural features
** Nuisance metals (mill and proces toxins)
 
  +
***Rock stress conditions
** Bench-scale mill tests
 
  +
***Seismic activity
  +
***Hydrogeology & surface hydrology: field program; data collection and analysis; estimation of mine inflows
   
* Factors influencing mining method selection
 
  +
*Metallurgical model
** Thickness and orientation of mineralization
 
  +
**Ore mineralogy
** Ore and rock strength
 
  +
**Mineralogical domains
** Depth of mineralization and surface conditions
 
  +
**Gangue mineralogy
** Waste disposal
 
  +
**Nuisance metals (mill and proces toxins)
  +
**Bench-scale mill tests
   
* Geotechnical design
 
  +
*[[Factors influencing mining method selection]]
** Anticipated rock mass behaviour
 
  +
**Ore grade and recovery
** Span design for non-entry stopes: Stability graph method
 
  +
**Cost of infrastructure
** Span design for man entry stopes
 
  +
**Ore extraction
** Pillar design (including crown pillar)
 
  +
**Labour and machine costs
** Mine layout and extraction sequence: general considerations; numerical modelling
 
  +
**Underground support costs
** [[Ground support]]
+
**[[Geotechnical factors]]
*** Significant properties of support elements
+
**Waste disposal
*** Empirical support design
 
*** Installation methods and equipment requirements
 
** Backfill
 
*** Types of backfill
 
*** Plant requirements
 
*** Backfill distribution
 
   
* Mineralogy and the milling process
 
  +
*Geotechnical design
  +
**Anticipated rock mass behaviour
  +
**Span design for non-entry stopes: Stability graph method
  +
**Span design for man entry stopes
  +
**[[Pillar design|Pillar design (including crown pillar)]]
  +
**Mine layout and extraction sequence: general considerations; numerical modelling
  +
**[[Ground support]]
  +
***Significant properties of support elements
  +
***Empirical support design
  +
***Installation methods and equipment requirements
  +
**[[Backfill]]
  +
***Types of backfill
  +
***Plant requirements
  +
***Backfill distribution
   
=='''[[Selection of mining method]]'''==
 
  +
*Mineralogy and the milling process
 
  +
* Review of the main mining methods
 
  +
== '''[[Selection of mining method]]''' ==
  +
  +
*Review of the main mining methods
   
** Room and pillar
+
**[[Hard-rock room and pillar]]
** Shrinkage
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**[[Shrinkage stoping]]
** Sub-level stoping
+
**[[Sub-level open stoping]]
** Longitudinal long-hole retreat
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**Longitudinal long-hole retreat
** Cut-and-fill
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**[[Cut and fill]]
** Underhand cut-and-fill
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**[[Underhand cut-and-fill]]
** Sublevel caving
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**[[Sublevel caving]]
** Panel caving
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**[[Block and Panel caving]]
** [[Vertical crater retreat]]
+
**[[Vertical crater retreat]]
  +
**[[Blasthole stoping]]
   
* Preliminary selection of mining method
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*Preliminary selection of mining method
   
** Cut-off grade selection
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**Cut-off grade selection
** Selection of mining methods, sizing of stopes
+
**Selection of mining methods, sizing of stopes
** Estimation of the resources and reserves for each
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**Estimation of the resources and reserves for each
** Grade and tonnage distribution
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**Grade and tonnage distribution
** Dilution and ore recovery
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**[[Dilution and ore recovery]]
** Presence of mineral domains and blending requirements
+
**Presence of mineral domains and blending requirements
** Preliminary estimation of mining cost per tonne
+
**Preliminary estimation of mining cost per tonne
** [[Preliminary estimation of mining cost per tonne]]
+
**[[Preliminary estimation of mining cost per tonne]]
** Estimation of the potential production rate
+
**[[Estimation of the potential production rate]]
** Rough estimate of revenues, operating costs, and margins
+
**Rough estimate of revenues, operating costs, and margins
** Selection of the most promising options
+
**Selection of the most promising options
   
* Refined selection of mining method
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*Refined selection of mining method
   
** Rough layout and costing of the ore, waste, backfill, materials, labour transport development
+
**Rough layout and costing of the ore, waste, backfill, materials, labour transport development
** Rough layout and costing of ventilation infrastructure
+
**Rough layout and costing of ventilation infrastructure
** Risk assessment matrix
+
**[[Risk assessment matrix]]
** Risk mitigation profile
+
**Risk mitigation profile
** Selection of mining method(s) for detailed design
+
**Selection of mining method(s) for detailed design
   
* Value addition
+
*Value addition
   
 
=='''[[Stope design and layout]]'''==
 
=='''[[Stope design and layout]]'''==
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** Crusher / rock breaker
 
** Crusher / rock breaker
 
** Main ramps
 
** Main ramps
** Shaft and hoist configuration
+
** [[Shaft construction]]
  +
** [[Mine hoisting systems|Hoist configuration]]
 
** Surface installations
 
** Surface installations
** [[Mine access | Mine access costs]]
 
  +
** [[Shaft vs. Ramp Access | Shaft vs. Ramp Access]]
   
 
*Backfill
 
*Backfill
Line 188: Line 200:
 
* Development plan
 
* Development plan
 
* Production plan
 
* Production plan
  +
* Mine closure
  +
* Environmental rehabilitation
   
 
=='''[[Simulation]]'''==
 
=='''[[Simulation]]'''==
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* Discrete Event Simulation
 
* Discrete Event Simulation
   
=='''[[Economic evaluation and risk analysis]]'''==
+
== '''[[Economic evaluation and risk analysis]]''' ==
   
* Revenue estimation
+
*Revenue estimation
  +
*Metal Price Forecasting [http://130.15.85.121/mediawiki/index.php/Metal_price_forecasting]
   
** Metal Prices
 
  +
**Net Smelter Return
** Net Smelter Return
 
  +
**NSR Factors
** NSR Factors
 
   
* Examples
+
*Examples
* Cash flow and DCF estimation
+
*Cash flow and DCF estimation
* Sensitivity analysis
+
*Sensitivity analysis
* Risk analysis
+
*Risk analysis
* Valuation using real options
+
*Valuation using real options
   
 
=='''[[Risk management]]'''==
 
=='''[[Risk management]]'''==
   
 
* Risks associated with imperfect input models
 
* Risks associated with imperfect input models
  +
* Risk assessment methods
 
* Metrics
 
* Metrics
 
* Design benchmarks
 
* Design benchmarks

Latest revision as of 11:33, 2 May 2018

This page contains the master Table of Contents for all topics that might be considered for mine design studies, from scoping through to feasibility level. It is quite comprehensive but may not be in the correct order, may be too detailed, or might have omissions for a particular mine design study. Therefore, this does not represent a Table of Contents that would be appropriate for any specific mine design project.

To help with overall navigation, a summary Table of Contents showing major topics is provided immediately below. Clicking on these topics will take you to the list below, which contains more detailed list of sub-topics.

Blue links represent topics for which pages have been created, red links and black text titles represent still to be completed topics (more opportunities for potential authors).

To browse a list of pages in the wiki, organized by topic, use the navigation link to Completed articles, or click here.

The general environment in which the mine exists

  • Company objectives
    • Description of objectives
  • General mine site considerations
    • Location and access
    • Confirmation of legal ownership of property
    • Exploration and development committments
    • Infrastructure availability
    • Previous production
  • Business drivers
  • Risks and Benchmarking
  • Organizational Design

The stages of mine design

The information required for the mine design

  • The geological model
    • General geology
    • Geological control of mineralization and metal content
    • Mineral domains
    • Structural model
    • Faults
    • Dykes
    • Foliation and shearing
  • Resource model
    • Methods of estimation
      • Disrtibution of metals in space
      • Polygonal estimates
      • Geostatistical methods
      • Grade simulation models
    • Grade-tonnage curves
    • Condemnation drilling
  • Overview of geotechnical program
    • Site investigation
      • Rock mass characteristics: planning a field visit; intact strength determination; joint data collection; data analysis
      • Rock mass classification
      • Faults, dykes, large scale structural features
      • Rock stress conditions
      • Seismic activity
      • Hydrogeology & surface hydrology: field program; data collection and analysis; estimation of mine inflows
  • Metallurgical model
    • Ore mineralogy
    • Mineralogical domains
    • Gangue mineralogy
    • Nuisance metals (mill and proces toxins)
    • Bench-scale mill tests
  • Geotechnical design
    • Anticipated rock mass behaviour
    • Span design for non-entry stopes: Stability graph method
    • Span design for man entry stopes
    • Pillar design (including crown pillar)
    • Mine layout and extraction sequence: general considerations; numerical modelling
    • Ground support
      • Significant properties of support elements
      • Empirical support design
      • Installation methods and equipment requirements
    • Backfill
      • Types of backfill
      • Plant requirements
      • Backfill distribution
  • Mineralogy and the milling process

Selection of mining method

  • Review of the main mining methods
  • Preliminary selection of mining method
  • Refined selection of mining method
    • Rough layout and costing of the ore, waste, backfill, materials, labour transport development
    • Rough layout and costing of ventilation infrastructure
    • Risk assessment matrix
    • Risk mitigation profile
    • Selection of mining method(s) for detailed design
  • Value addition

Stope design and layout

  • Stope design
    • Dimensioning of stopes
    • Determination of operational constraints and productive capacity
    • Determination of the number of production levels required
    • Sequencing numerical simulation
  • Stope layout
    • Ore development
    • Waste access drifts
    • Transportation drifts
    • Access ramps

Infrastructure design

  • Transport infrastructure
  • Backfill
    • Required capacity
    • Types of backfill
    • Distribution circuit
  • Ventilation
    • Ventilation requirements estimation
    • Design of the primary circuit, development and fan requirements
    • Design of the local distribution of the air. Sizing of fans and openings
  • Mine services
    • Mechanical service shops, location, access, size, fixed equipment
    • Fuel and oil service bays, infrastructures for the transport of fuel and oils from surface
    • Warehouses, location, capacity
    • Powder and cap magazines, location, capacity, security
    • Lunch rooms and Refuge stations, location, capacity, air and water supply, communications
    • Mine communications system
    • Electrical distribution system

Scheduling

  • Critical path analysis and simulation
  • Development plan
  • Production plan
  • Mine closure
  • Environmental rehabilitation

Simulation

  • Scheduling risks
  • Discrete Event Simulation

Economic evaluation and risk analysis

  • Revenue estimation
  • Metal Price Forecasting [1]
    • Net Smelter Return
    • NSR Factors
  • Examples
  • Cash flow and DCF estimation
  • Sensitivity analysis
  • Risk analysis
  • Valuation using real options

Risk management

  • Risks associated with imperfect input models
  • Risk assessment methods
  • Metrics
  • Design benchmarks
    • Scheduling Key Performance Indicators
    • Economical Metrics

References