Difference between revisions of "Factors influencing mining method selection"

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== References ==
 
== References ==
   
*Barton, N.R., Lien, R. and Lunde, J. 1974. Engineering classification of rock masses for the design of tunnel support. Rock Mech. 6(4), 189-239.
+
*Barton, N.R., Lien, R. and Lunde, J. 1974. Engineering classification of rock masses for the design of tunnel support. ''Rock Mech''. 6(4), 189-239.
*Bieniawski, Z.T. 1989. Engineering rock mass classifications. New York: Wiley.
+
*Bieniawski, Z.T. 1989. ''Engineering rock mass classifications''. New York: Wiley.
*Brady, B.H.G. and Brown, E.T. 2006. Rock Mechanics for underground mining, 3rd Ed. The Netherlands: Springer.
+
*Brady, B.H.G. and Brown, E.T. 2006. ''Rock Mechanics for underground mining'', 3rd Ed. The Netherlands: Springer.
*Brown, E. T. 2003. Block Caving Geomechanics. Julius Kruttschnitt Mineral Research Centre: Brisbane.
+
*Brown, E. T. 2003. ''Block Caving Geomechanics''. Julius Kruttschnitt Mineral Research Centre: Brisbane.
*Bullock, R. and Hustrulid, W. 2001. Chapter 3: Planning the Underground Mine on the Basis of Mining Method. In: Underground Mining Methods: Engineering Fundamentals and International Case Studies (eds W. A. Hustrulid and R. L. Bullock), 29-48. Society for Mining, Metallurgy and Exploration: Littleton, Colorado.
+
*Bullock, R. and Hustrulid, W. 2001. Chapter 3: Planning the Underground Mine on the Basis of Mining Method. ''In: Underground Mining Methods: Engineering Fundamentals and International Case Studies'' (eds W. A. Hustrulid and R. L. Bullock), 29-48. Society for Mining, Metallurgy and Exploration: Littleton, Colorado.
*Hamrin, H. 2001. Chapter 1: Underground mining methods and applications. Underground Mining Methods: Engineering Fundamentals and International Case Studies (eds W. A. Hustrulid and R. L. Bullock), 3–14. Society for Mining, Metallurgy and Exploration: Littleton, Colorado.
+
*Hamrin, H. 2001. Chapter 1: Underground mining methods and applications. ''In: Underground Mining Methods: Engineering Fundamentals and International Case Studies'' (eds W. A. Hustrulid and R. L. Bullock), 3–14. Society for Mining, Metallurgy and Exploration: Littleton, Colorado.
*Herne, V. and McGuire, T. 2001. Chapter 13: Mississippi Potash, Inc.’s, underground operations. In: Underground Mining Methods: Engineering Fundamentals and International Case Studies (eds W. A. Hustrulid and R. L. Bullock), 137-141. Society for Mining, Metallurgy and Exploration: Littleton, Colorado.
+
*Herne, V. and McGuire, T. 2001. Chapter 13: Mississippi Potash, Inc.’s, underground operations. ''In: Underground Mining Methods: Engineering Fundamentals and International Case Studies'' (eds W. A. Hustrulid and R. L. Bullock), 137-141. Society for Mining, Metallurgy and Exploration: Littleton, Colorado.
*Hoek, E. and Brown, E.T. 1997. Practical estimates of rock mass strength. Int. J. Rock Mech. Min. Sci. 34:8,1165-8,1186.
+
*Hoek, E. and Brown, E.T. 1997. Practical estimates of rock mass strength. ''Int. J. Rock Mech. Min. Sci.'' 34:8,1165-8,1186.
*Krauland, N., Marklund, P.-I., and Board, M. 2001. Chapter 37: Rock support in cut-and-fill mining at the Kristineberg Mine. In: Underground Mining Methods: Engineering Fundamentals and International Case Studies (eds W. A. Hustrulid and R. L. Bullock), 325-332. Society for Mining, Metallurgy and Exploration: Littleton, Colorado.
+
*Krauland, N., Marklund, P.-I., and Board, M. 2001. Chapter 37: Rock support in cut-and-fill mining at the Kristineberg Mine. ''In: Underground Mining Methods: Engineering Fundamentals and International Case Studies'' (eds W. A. Hustrulid and R. L. Bullock), 325-332. Society for Mining, Metallurgy and Exploration: Littleton, Colorado.
*Laubscher, D.H. 1990. A Geomechanics Classification System for the Rating of Rock Mass in Mine design. Journal of the South African Institute of Mining & Metallurgy, vol. 90, no 10, pp. 257-273.
+
*Laubscher, D.H. 1990. A Geomechanics Classification System for the Rating of Rock Mass in Mine design. ''Journal of the South African Institute of Mining & Metallurgy'', vol. 90, no 10, pp. 257-273.
*Laubscher, D.H. 1994. Cave mining – the state of the art. The Journal of The South African Institute of Mining and Metallurgy, 94(10): 279-93.
+
*Laubscher, D.H. 1994. Cave mining – the state of the art. ''The Journal of The South African Institute of Mining and Metallurgy'', 94(10): 279-93.
*Marchand, R., Godin, P., and Doucet, C. 2001. Chapter 19: Shrinkage stoping at the Mouska Mine. In: Underground Mining Methods: Engineering Fundamentals and International Case Studies (eds W. A. Hustrulid and R. L. Bullock), 189-194. Society for Mining, Metallurgy and Exploration: Littleton, Colorado.
+
*Marchand, R., Godin, P., and Doucet, C. 2001. Chapter 19: Shrinkage stoping at the Mouska Mine. ''In: Underground Mining Methods: Engineering Fundamentals and International Case Studies'' (eds W. A. Hustrulid and R. L. Bullock), 189-194. Society for Mining, Metallurgy and Exploration: Littleton, Colorado.
*Villaescusa, E. 1996. Excavation design for bench stoping at Mount Isa mine, Queensland, Australia. Trans. Instn Min. Metall., 105: A1–10.
+
*Villaescusa, E. 1996. Excavation design for bench stoping at Mount Isa mine, Queensland, Australia. ''Trans. Instn Min. Metall.'', 105: A1–10.

Revision as of 12:54, 25 July 2012

Mining Method Classification

Text...

Flowchart showing a hierarchy of underground mining methods and associated rockmass response to mining (Brady and Brown, 2006)
Figure 1: A hierarchy of underground mining methods and associated rockmass response to mining (Brady and Brown, 2006)

More text...

Schematic of a supported (room-and-pillar) method of mining (after Hamrin, 2001)
Figure 2: Schematic of a supported (room-and-pillar) method of mining (after Hamrin, 2001)

Even more text...

Schematic of a mechanized block caving operation method of mining at the El Teniente Mine, Chile (after Hamrin, 2001)
Figure 3: Schematic of a mechanized block caving operation method of mining at the El Teniente Mine, Chile (after Hamrin, 2001)

Thickness and Orientation of Mineralization

Ore and Country Rock Strength

Distribution of Mineralization within the Orebody

Depth of Mineralization and Surface Conditions

Geotechnical Environment

Geotechnical Factors of Underground Mining Methods

Pillar Supported

Room and Pillar Mining

Sublevel Open Stoping

Artificially Supported

Cut-and-Fill Stoping

Bench-and-Fill Stoping

Text...

A longitudinal and cross-section of bench-and-fill stoping geometry in the Lead Mine, Mount Isa Mines, Queensland, Australia (after Villaescusa, 1996)
Figure 4: Bench-and-fill stoping geometry in the Lead Mine, Mount Isa Mines, Queensland, Australia; (a) longitudinal section, and (b) cross-section (after Villaescusa, 1996)

Shrink Stoping

Text...

Schematic of shrink stoping (after Hamrin, 2001)
Figure 5: Layout for shrink stoping (after Hamrin, 2001)
Case Study: Mouska Gold Mine

Vertical Crater Retreat (VCR) Stoping

Unsupported

Longwall Mining

Text...

Schematic of longwall mining in hard rock (after Hamrin, 2001)
Figure 6: Schematic of longwall mining in hard rock (after Hamrin, 2001)

Sublevel Caving

Text...

Figure 7: Schematic of transverse sublevel caving (after Hamrin, 2001)
Figure 7: Schematic of transverse sublevel caving (after Hamrin, 2001)

Block Caving

Summary

Text...

Method Class Method Relative magnitude of displacements in country rock Strain energy storage in near field rock Suitable orebody geometry Suitable orebody grade Suitable orebody, country rock strength Suitable depth
Pillar supported Room-and-pillar .. .. .. .. .. ..
Pillar supported Sublevel open stoping .. .. .. .. .. ..
Artificially supported Cut-and-fill .. .. .. .. .. ..
Artificially supported Bench-and-fill .. .. .. .. .. ..
Artificially supported Shrink stoping .. .. .. .. .. ..
Artificially supported VCR stoping .. .. .. .. .. ..
Unsupported Longwall mining .. .. .. .. .. ..
Unsupported Sublevel caving .. .. .. .. .. ..
Unsupported Block caving .. .. .. .. .. ..

References

  • Barton, N.R., Lien, R. and Lunde, J. 1974. Engineering classification of rock masses for the design of tunnel support. Rock Mech. 6(4), 189-239.
  • Bieniawski, Z.T. 1989. Engineering rock mass classifications. New York: Wiley.
  • Brady, B.H.G. and Brown, E.T. 2006. Rock Mechanics for underground mining, 3rd Ed. The Netherlands: Springer.
  • Brown, E. T. 2003. Block Caving Geomechanics. Julius Kruttschnitt Mineral Research Centre: Brisbane.
  • Bullock, R. and Hustrulid, W. 2001. Chapter 3: Planning the Underground Mine on the Basis of Mining Method. In: Underground Mining Methods: Engineering Fundamentals and International Case Studies (eds W. A. Hustrulid and R. L. Bullock), 29-48. Society for Mining, Metallurgy and Exploration: Littleton, Colorado.
  • Hamrin, H. 2001. Chapter 1: Underground mining methods and applications. In: Underground Mining Methods: Engineering Fundamentals and International Case Studies (eds W. A. Hustrulid and R. L. Bullock), 3–14. Society for Mining, Metallurgy and Exploration: Littleton, Colorado.
  • Herne, V. and McGuire, T. 2001. Chapter 13: Mississippi Potash, Inc.’s, underground operations. In: Underground Mining Methods: Engineering Fundamentals and International Case Studies (eds W. A. Hustrulid and R. L. Bullock), 137-141. Society for Mining, Metallurgy and Exploration: Littleton, Colorado.
  • Hoek, E. and Brown, E.T. 1997. Practical estimates of rock mass strength. Int. J. Rock Mech. Min. Sci. 34:8,1165-8,1186.
  • Krauland, N., Marklund, P.-I., and Board, M. 2001. Chapter 37: Rock support in cut-and-fill mining at the Kristineberg Mine. In: Underground Mining Methods: Engineering Fundamentals and International Case Studies (eds W. A. Hustrulid and R. L. Bullock), 325-332. Society for Mining, Metallurgy and Exploration: Littleton, Colorado.
  • Laubscher, D.H. 1990. A Geomechanics Classification System for the Rating of Rock Mass in Mine design. Journal of the South African Institute of Mining & Metallurgy, vol. 90, no 10, pp. 257-273.
  • Laubscher, D.H. 1994. Cave mining – the state of the art. The Journal of The South African Institute of Mining and Metallurgy, 94(10): 279-93.
  • Marchand, R., Godin, P., and Doucet, C. 2001. Chapter 19: Shrinkage stoping at the Mouska Mine. In: Underground Mining Methods: Engineering Fundamentals and International Case Studies (eds W. A. Hustrulid and R. L. Bullock), 189-194. Society for Mining, Metallurgy and Exploration: Littleton, Colorado.
  • Villaescusa, E. 1996. Excavation design for bench stoping at Mount Isa mine, Queensland, Australia. Trans. Instn Min. Metall., 105: A1–10.