Difference between revisions of "Pillar design"

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Line 40: Line 40:
 
|Slip on discontinuities may cause rockburst
 
|Slip on discontinuities may cause rockburst
 
within stopes, which can cause equipment damage
 
within stopes, which can cause equipment damage
and injury or loss of life. Ore immediately
+
and injury or loss of life. Ore immediately
 
adjacent to these geological structures is
 
adjacent to these geological structures is
 
left unmined to protect the structure from
 
left unmined to protect the structure from

Revision as of 14:20, 4 February 2015

==1.0 Classification of Pillars== ===1.1 Support Pillars===

Support pillars are load carrying. Examples of support pillars include:

Type of Pillar Description
Sill Pillar Horizontal pillars that separate levels or stopes,

often used when multiple levels are mined concurrently.

Room and Pillars Pillars are left in place in a predetermined

and calculated pattern as rooms are mined out.

Yield Pillars Pillars are designed to fail by going past

peak load carrying capacity. Roof-strata is maintained by relieving pressure in working areas and controlling transference of load to abutments that are clear of working areas and road ways. Yielded pillars still carry load.

Post Pillars Room and pillar variation where ore is mined

out in a series of horizontal slices.

Barrier Pillars Solid blocks left between two mines or sections

of a mine. Provides regional support in large mines to prevent accidents due to inrushes of water, gas, or explosions or a mine fire.

Bracket Pillars Slip on discontinuities may cause rockburst

within stopes, which can cause equipment damage and injury or loss of life. Ore immediately adjacent to these geological structures is left unmined to protect the structure from mining induced stresses.


Please add a link to this page in the article that already exists on room and pillar mining.